Rajasthan, the largest state of India was formed on 30 March 1949 with Jaipur as the state capital. From throughout the British rule Rajasthan was known as RAJPUTANA, which was denoting soil of Rajputs. Rajput families came out and detained their influence all over the Rajasthan since 700 AD.
Once known as the 'Land of the Kings', the state still retains the glory and richness of those times with its marvelous monuments, colorful traditions and customs. Earlier it was a part of various states; some of them were Mauryan, Yaudhya, Kushan, Gupta, Huna, Malava and Arjunya. For a traveler who is interested in the history, culture and the lifestyle of the people of the Oriental world, Rajasthan covers most of the area of the Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert) with one edge paralleling the Sutlej - Indus river valley along with its border with Pakistan.